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CRIMEAN CANNONS - WHERE ARE THEY NOW?

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Tower House
Tadworth
Surrey
KT20 5QY


The Russian Gun in an English local park was not an isolated memorial to the men who died fighting for their country in the Crimean War in the mid 19th century. There were a large number of similar cannon distributed throughout the British Isles and world wide. At Sebastopol a substantial ordnance depot was captured that held a large quantity of obsolete and damaged guns. These supplemented those actually captured in active service. The whole totalled some 4000 items of ordnance. Russian artillery fell into 4 general categories at the time, ship, fortress or garrison (krepostnaya), siege and field. The Sebastopol cannon were mainly siege guns.

After the fall of Sebastopol an inventory of the captured stores was made over 10 days in the latter part of September 1855. The extent of the spoil captured by the allies was almost incredible, notwithstanding all that the Russians had expended or destroyed. The cannon of various sizes numbered 3,839, 128 of which were of brass, the rest iron; a great number had been thrown into the harbour to avoid their being taken. Round shot, 407,314; shell, 101,755; canister cases, 24,080; gunpowder, 525,000 lb.; ball cartridges, 670,000 rounds; and other articles too numerous to mention. The spoil was divided between the allies according to value and manpower in the Crimea. The cannon however were divided equally between the French and the English. According to Sydney historians, Britain received 1165 guns however Dun Laoghaire historians give a figure of 964. At the time cannon were valued for distribution as follows: brass - eleven pence per pound and iron - halfpence per pound. Sources: The History of the War with Russia, (c.1856) Tyrell H. Vol. II, Chap. XIV. P.305; Pictorial History of the Crimea War (1856) G.D. p.492/3.

Click to discover the marine Store Dealer
Click the cannon right to discover the where the cannon balls went.


Probably used as ships ballast for returning troop and supply ships, cannon were then donated to towns far and wide. This was intended as a public relations exercise demonstrating the success of the war against such stupendous odds. Many of the Russian guns were distributed to countries that had contributed to the war effort at the time. Twenty were sent to Canada and are to be found in major cities there. Others have gone to the furthermost reaches of the British Empire. The Cannon were actually of little value as ordnance because of the developments in rifled barrels and cylindrical loads. Many were melted down for further appropriate use such as the alleged minting of the Victoria Cross award. Actually Chinese guns were apparently used for this; a fact realized some time after the award was being bestowed. Many Crimean Cannon have survived the intervening years including the world wars and this database gives details of those that we have been able to trace.

By bringing together information about the provenance of this ordnance, it provides a far more comprehensive picture of the origins and outcome of this amazing scenario. In many instances historians have already done excellent work in researching their local cannon and we have used this information where it is available, giving credit where the source is known. Should any credits or reports have been inadvertently missed please let us know and we will add to the updated editions of this database. Click to discover the Florence Nightingale trail


Click to discover the Florence Nightingale trail.


Email: cannon@thespas.co.uk (click here to send an email)


Website: Click Here

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

The Crimean Cannon Database INDEX.
An ABC tour originally compiled by Sue Arnold and Bruce Osborne.

ARNOLD-OSBORNE INDEX OF LOCATIONS

Key:

# = original gun in situ,
~ = replacement in situ,
$ = scrapped or lost.


IN THE BRITISH ISLES

Click for details Armagh #
Banff #
Click for details Bath $$
Click for details Berkswell Warwicks #
Berwick #
Birkenhead Park ?
Birr #
Click for details Blackburn $$
Boston Lincs.$$
Braddan I.O.M.#
Bradford ?
Brampton ?
Bridgenorth ?
Click for details Bristol $$
Bunratty #
Burnley $$
Click for details Caernarfon#
Cardigan #
Click for details Carlow, Ireland #
Chelmsford #
Cheltenham $
Click for details Chester $$
Click for details Chobham ~
Cobh #
Congleton ?
Coventry ?
Cricklade $$
Click for details Darlington #
Click for details Dartmouth #
Derby $$
Click for details Dublin ######
Dudley ##
Dumfries #
Dun Laoghaire #
Dyfed Cardigan ?
Click for details Ely #
Ennis #
Click for details Eton #
Click for details Evesham #
Flint Castle ?
Click for details Galway $$
Grantham $
Guernsey ##
Harrogate$
Click for details Hartlepool #
Click for details Huntingdon ~
Click for details Knaresborough $
Lancaster ?
Click for detailsLeamington Spa $
Leicester ##
Click for detailsLewes #
Limerick ##
London ##
Londonderry ##
Longton Staffs ?
Lowestoft #
Click for details Ludlow #
Click for details Maidstone #
Click for details Malmesbury $$$
Margate ?
Middlesbrough #
Monmouth #
Naas, Ireland #
Newcastle Staffs.#
Newry?
Nottingham ##
Oldham?
Penicuik #
Plymouth ###
Pontefract ?
Click for details Portsmouth #####$
Preston ?
Reading ?
Retford #
Ripon ?
Click for details Rochester #
Royal Hamilton Military Establishment ?
Sandhurst ###
Scarborough ?
Shaftesbury ?
Sheffield ?
Southampton $
Southsea ?
Stockton $
Sunderland & S Shields ~
Swansea ?
Taunton ?
Tiverton ?
Tralee, Ireland #
Trim #
Victoria Barracks ?
Walsall $$
Warrington $$
Waterford ##
Click for details Wells $
Whitby #
Wolverhampton ?
Woolwich ?
Wrexham ?


OTHERS pending further details

CANNONS LOCATED ELSEWHERE

Adelaide ##
Australia's other guns ######
Bomersund ######
Brantford Canada $
Evpatoria Ukraine ##
Fort Eyrie - Canada #
Galt - Canada #
Gibraltar ####
Guyana ##
Halifax - NS ##
Hamilton - Canada #
Kingston - Canada ##
LaPeV France ########
Lisburn?
New Zealand Aukland##
Melbourne ##
Montreal - Canada #
Lisburn ?
London - Canada ##
Ottowa - Canada #
Quebec $
Sebastopol
Sitka & Douglas ##
St Johns - NFL # Stratford - Canada #
Sydney ##
Tasmania ##
Three Rivers - Canada #
Toronto - Canada ##
Windsor - Ontario #


OTHERS pending further details





REGION

Not Regional

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Crimean Cannon Location

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